In 2012, Nicaragua’s parliament passed a law formally allowing for the construction of the Nicaragua Interoceanic Canal to compete with the smaller Panama Canal. The route passes through the second largest primary tropical rainforest in Central America and the homelands of thousands of indigenous and Afro-Caribbean people. While the Nicaraguan government and HKND have assured people that anyone displaced for the project will be fairly compensated, human rights groups have cried foul and many demonstrations have sprung up around the country protesting the anticipated forced removal.
Now a century old, the Panama Canal is undergoing a massive renovation in order to accommodate more ships, and larger ships. Will that be enough to stave off a potential new competitor canal?